Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen “A. P. J.” Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. A career scientist turned politician, Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India’s civilian space program and military missile development efforts. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organizational, technical, and political role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974.
Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the “People’s President,” he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour.
While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. Thousands including national-level dignitaries attended the funeral ceremony held in his hometown of Rameshwaram, where he was buried with full state honours.
10 Memorable Quotes From President APJ Abdul Kalam
“All Birds find shelter during a rain. But Eagle avoids rain by flying above the clouds”
“Man needs difficulties in life because they are necessary to enjoy the success”
“If you want to shine like a sun, first learn to burn like a sun “
“All of us do not have equal talent, but all of us have an equal opportunity to develop our talents”
(Image Credit – Soma Ghosh)
“Without your involvement you can’t succeed.With your involvement, you can’t fail”
“You have to dream before your dreams can come true”
“To succeed in your mission, you must have single-minded devotion to your goal”
“We should not give up and we should not allow the problem to defeat us”
“Look at the sky.We are not alone.The whole universe is friendly to us and conspires only to give the best to those who dream and work”
“Those who cannot work with their heart achieve, but a hollow, half-hearted success that breeds bitterness all around”
Excellence is a continuous process and not an accident.
Life is a difficult game. You can win it only by retaining your birthright to be a person.
We will be remembered only if we give to our younger generation a prosperous and safe India, resulting out of economic prosperity coupled with civilization heritage.
Educationists should build the capacities of the spirit of inquiry, creativity, entrepreneurial and moral leadership among students and become their role model.
If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.
My message, especially to young people is to have courage to think differently, courage to invent, to travel the unexplored path, courage to discover the impossible and to conquer the problems and succeed. These are great qualities that they must work towards. This is my message to the young people.